For mothers at low risk, infant and neonatal mortality rates are higher among infants delivered by cesarean section than for those delivered vaginally, say scientists.
Researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed over 5.7 million live births and nearly 12,000 infant deaths over a 4-year period. Neonatal mortality rates among infants delivered by cesarean section were more than twice those for vaginal deliveries, even after adjustment for socio-demographic and medical risk factors.
“These findings should be of concern for clinicians and policy makers who are observing the rapid growth in the number of primary cesareans to mothers without a medical indication,” says lead researcher Marian Mac Dorman.
Birth – August 2006.